If you’re thinking of starting a business, a start-up costing sheet can help determine how much money you need to start. These can show your business’s cash flow to its profit and losses. 

And when it comes to an income statement it calculates net income or loss over a range of time. For example annual statements use revenues and expenses over a 12-month period, while quarterly statements focus on revenues and expenses incurred during a 3-month period. 

This report reveals the financial performance of an organisation for the entire report period. It begins with sales, and then subtracts out all expenses incurred during the period to arrive at a net profit or loss. An Earnings Per Share figure may also be added if the financial statements are being issued by a publicly-held company. This is usually considered the most important financial statement, since it describes performance. 

The non-operating section includes revenues and gains from non-primary business activities, items that are either unusual or infrequent, finance costs like interest expense, and income tax expense. The bottom line of an income statement is the net income that’s calculated after subtracting the expenses from revenue. 

A few examples of income statement accounts include Sales, Service Revenues, Salaries Expense, Rent Expense, Advertising Expense, Interest Expense, Gain on Disposal of Truck, etc. 

An income statement is a key financial document in business. It shows the profitability of a company over a specific period of time. The following guide shows you how to prepare a simple multi-step income statement. A multi-step income statement separates operating income and expenses from non-operating items. Download for free an example of an Income statement template at https://www.vertex42.com/ExcelTemplates/income-statement.html.